# Minimum & Maximum by Group in Python – DataFrame Subgroups (2 Examples)

This tutorial demonstrates how to find maxima and minima by group in the Python programming language.

## Preparing the Examples

`import pandas as pd # Import pandas library in Python`
```my_df = pd.DataFrame({'A':range(19, 28), # Constructing a pandas DataFrame 'B':[6, 7, 3, 9, 1, 3, 8, 8, 9], 'C':range(20, 11, - 1), 'GRP_a':['gr1', 'gr1', 'gr2', 'gr3', 'gr1', 'gr2', 'gr2', 'gr3', 'gr3'], 'GRP_b':['a', 'b', 'c', 'c', 'a', 'b', 'b', 'a', 'a']}) print(my_df) # A B C GRP_a GRP_b # 0 19 6 20 gr1 a # 1 20 7 19 gr1 b # 2 21 3 18 gr2 c # 3 22 9 17 gr3 c # 4 23 1 16 gr1 a # 5 24 3 15 gr2 b # 6 25 8 14 gr2 b # 7 26 8 13 gr3 a # 8 27 9 12 gr3 a```

## Example 1: Calculating Minimum & Maximum by Group in Python

```print(my_df.groupby('GRP_a').min()) # Computing the column min by group # A B C GRP_b # GRP_a # gr1 19 1 16 a # gr2 21 3 14 b # gr3 22 8 12 a```
```print(my_df.groupby('GRP_a').max()) # Computing the column max by group # A B C GRP_b # GRP_a # gr1 23 7 20 b # gr2 25 8 18 c # gr3 27 9 17 c```

## Example 2: Calculating Maximum by Group & Subgroup in Python

```print(my_df.groupby(['GRP_a', 'GRP_b']).min()) # Computing the column min by multiple groups # A B C # GRP_a GRP_b # gr1 a 19 1 16 # b 20 7 19 # gr2 b 24 3 14 # c 21 3 18 # gr3 a 26 8 12 # c 22 9 17```
```print(my_df.groupby(['GRP_a', 'GRP_b']).max()) # Computing the column max by multiple groups # A B C # GRP_a GRP_b # gr1 a 23 6 20 # b 20 7 19 # gr2 b 25 8 15 # c 21 3 18 # gr3 a 27 9 13 # c 22 9 17```